France is home to Europe's biggest Jewish and Muslim communities

People sit outside on July 12, 2013 in the Rue des Rosiers, the Jewish area of the Marais district in ParisFrance, where police ended two hostage dramas Friday killing Islamist brothers wanted for the Charlie Hebdo massacre and a third suspected extremist who attacked a Jewish supermarket, has the biggest Jewish and Muslim populations in Europe. Between 500,000 and 600,000-strong, France’s Jewish community is also the third biggest in the world, after Israel and the United States. France’s Muslims are estimated at between four and five million. France has long had a difficult relationship with its Muslim minority that dates back to bloody struggles in its former North African colonies and the legacy of immigrants trapped in some of the country’s poorest districts.

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