Referendums that have shaped the EU

National referendums have often determined the direction taken by the European Union, whether by admitting new members, expanding its powers via treaty changes, or embarking on new projectsBritain will vote on whether to stay in the EU in a make-or-break referendum expected in June, after Prime Minister David Cameron sealed a reform deal in Brussels on Friday. The then European Economic Community’s first expansion was in 1973. Founding member France blocked British membership under President Charles De Gaulle, but in the end French voters agreed in April 1972 to admit Britain, Denmark, Ireland and Norway.

Share this article